Water described as "hard" is high in dissolved minerals, specifically calcium and magnesium. Hard water is not a health risk, but a nuisance because of mineral buildup on fixtures and poor soap and/or detergent performance.

As water moves through soil and rock, it dissolves very small amounts of minerals and holds them in solution. Calcium and magnesium dissolved in water are the two most common minerals that make water "hard." The degree of hardness becomes greater as the calcium and magnesium content increases.  Water is a universal  solvent and picks up impurities easily and naturally.

Hard water interferes with almost every cleaning task from laundry, washing dishes, bathing and personal grooming.  Hard water problems in the home can be a nuisance. The amount of hardness minerals in water affects the amount of soap and detergent necessary for cleaning. Soap used in hard water combines with the minerals to form a sticky soap curd.

When doing laundry in hard water, soap curds lodge in fabric during washing to make fabric stiff and rough. Continuous laundering in hard water can shorten the life of clothes.

Hard water also contributes to inefficient and costly operation of water-using appliances. Pipes can become clogged with scale that reduces water flow, water heaters will build up lime and ultimately require expensive repair. (SOFT WATER)

There are two ways to help control water hardness in your working water: use of a packaged water softener (chemicals)or use a mechanical water softening unit.

Chemical softening agents can be added to your water to counteract the hardness for laundry and dishes but will do nothing to protect your plumbing from scale build up. Most soaps on the market have some chemical agents added to give the consumer the suds effect.  Automatic dishwasher manufactures will actually recommend the use of one teaspoon of compound for every grain of hardness in the water. 

Mechanical water softener’s operate on the ion exchange basis. In this process, water passes through a media bed where the hardness minerals attach themselves to the resin beads while sodium on the resin beads is released simultaneously into the water. The recharging of the media is done by passing a salt (brine) solution through the resin. According to the Water Quality Association (WQA), the ion exchange softening process adds sodium at the rate of about 8 mg/liter for each grain of hardness removed per gallon of water. Which isn't a great amount when you consider the amount of sodium in the foods we eat especially fast foods. (CONTACT US)

Hard water is not a health hazard. In fact, the National Research Council (National Academy of Sciences) states that hard drinking water generally contributes a very small amount toward total calcium and magnesium human dietary needs unless the water is extremely hard.  Softened water would only be a health hazard IF the individual was on a low salt diet and the water was extremely hard.  (In the 100 grain per gallon area).  Most of the foods we eat contain sodium in varying levels to meet the minimum daily requirement.



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